The three-month conference was virtually unable to reach an agreement due to differences on land reform. Mugabe was put under pressure to sign, and the country was the most important stumbling block. [Citation required] Both the British and American governments proposed to compensate white citizens for each country sold to support reconciliation (the “Willing Buyer, Willing Seller” principle) and to create a fund to operate from 1980 to 1990. [Citation required] Forty years ago, on December 21, 1979, an agreement was signed at Lancaster House. This put an end to the illegal white-dominated regime dominated by Rhodesia since the Unilateral Declaration of Independence (IDU) in 1965 and inaugurated the newly independent state of Zimbabwe. The Lancaster House Agreement was an early diplomatic success for Margaret Thatcher`s new Conservative government and remains one of the most remarkable achievements of British diplomacy since World War II. When the agreement was concluded and its report was signed, the parties pledged: Rhodes`s public opinion, fuelled for years by propaganda that Robert Mugabe was a brutal racist full of hostility and revenge, was shocked to hear the new Prime Minister call for national reconciliation in his first post-election speech. , so that those who had been enemies recognize their inevitable unity as Zimbabweans engaged with a common destiny. The Prime Minister demonstrated the importance of national unity and reconciliation by bringing four ZAPU members (now five) and two whites into his cabinet (one later resigned for health reasons). The ZAPU also has three deputy ministers.
During its deliberations, the conference reached an agreement on the following topics: Diplomacy, FCO Historians, Joshua Nkomo, Lancaster House, Lancaster House Agreement, Margaret Thatcher, Rhodesia, Robert Mugabe, Zimbabwe The Lancaster House Agreement, signed on 21 December 1979, declared a ceasefire and ended the Rhodesian Bush War; and directly to the creation and recognition of the Republic of Zimbabwe. It demanded the imposition of a direct British regime, which put an end to Rhodesia`s unilateral declaration of independence in 1965. The British government would be strictly limited to the duration of a proposed election period; After that, independence would follow. It is essential that the political wings of the black nationalist groups ZANU and ZAPU, which led the escalating and increasingly violent insurgency, be able to stand in the next elections. But this was linked to the respect of the ceasefire and the confirmed absence of voter intimidation. The agreement, signed on December 21, 1979.  Lord Carrington and Sir Ian Gilmour signed the agreement on behalf of the United Kingdom, Bishop Abel Muzorewa and Dr Silas Mundawarara signed for the government of Zimbabwe Rhodode and Robert Mugabe and Joshua Nkomo for the Patriotic Front.